RIGOROUS DAP in the Early Years

RIGOROUS DAP in the Early Years

From Theory to Practice

Christopher Pierce Brown, Beth Smith Feger, Brian Nelson Mowry


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RIGOROUS DAP in the Early Years: From Theory to Practice provides teachers with a roadmap for teaching that helps children meet academic expectations and maintains focus on the appropriate development of the whole child. A construct of eleven practices, RIGOROUS DAP supplies teachers with strategies for 1) making instructional decisions that meet the needs of the individual child; 2) sustaining culturally relevant practices; 3) engaging stakeholders in conversations about educating young children for school success through practices that attend to their individual, sociocultural, and developmental needs; and 4) ensuring all children experience high-level learning and succeed in school.

The eleven practices comprising the construct are:

  • Reaching all children
  • Integrating content areas
  • Growing as a community
  • Offering choices
  • Revisiting new content
  • Offering challenges
  • Understanding each learner
  • Seeing the whole child

  • Differentiating instruction
  • Assessing constantly
  • Pushing every child forward

An academically rigorous learning environment allows all children to learn at high levels through hands-on learning experiences that address the whole child and connect to the child's world in and out of school. A developmentally appropriate learning environment considers the children's developmental, cognitive, social, emotional, linguistic, and physical development, as well as the sociocultural worlds in which they live.